Forensic Investigations to locate and identify the missing

London
Wednesday, 05 March 2014

This is a Euroscicon Small Conference,  an outline of the day can be found at 
www.euroscicon.com/EurosciconMeetingStructure.pdf

Forensic Investigations to locate and identify the missing
Wednesday, 05 March 2014 09:30 - 17:00

Cineworld: The O2
Peninsula Square
London
SE10 0DX
United Kingdom

Map and Directions

The search for the missing and their identification is an ever growing issue recognised by the international community and national governments alike. Investigations are a multi-disciplinary endeavour, and this forum presents examples from across the  scientific process of how this work has been successfully undertaken. Finding solutions to the challenges posed by both operational activities in the field, and resolving issues of identification especially from multiple casualty events continues to be a pressing problem. The scale and difficulties with pinpointing disposal sites and the effective and standardised approaches to dealing with mass graves and numerous skeletonised remains  require constant development of techniques to make the scientific process more effective. New research and case studies into how bring cases are brought to light and to conclusion are presented from a range of academic and discipline professionals. This International Forum will comprise of expert talks and plenty of networking opportunities.


This event has CPD accreditation and is part of the Forensic Forums 2014 series –www.forensicforums2014.com.

Meeting chair:  Mr Ian Hanson, International Commission on Missing Persons, Sarajevo


The deadline for abstract submissions for oral presentation has now passed. Abstracts for poster presentation only can be submitted up to two weeks before the event. You can download the instructions for authors at: www.euroscicon.com/AbstractsForOralAndPosterPresentation.pdf


To view the agenda please see http://lifescienceevents.com/wp-content/uploads/5thMarchForensic2014.pdf

Talks include


The effective location of mass graves. The continuing work to find the missing from Srebrenica

Mr Ian Hanson, International Commission on Missing Persons, Sarajevo

The events concerning the fall of Srebrenica have been well documented. The physical search for the missing began in 1996, and continues today. The approaches have been multi-disciplinary and the success of various methods of search, location and recovery analysed. How the dozens of mass graves related to the events were found indicates what approaches might be utilised in future conflicts to locate the missing.  


The Excavation of a WW1 Mass Grave: Recovery & Identification of Australian And British Servicemen, Fromelles, France

Mrs Alison Anderson, Senior Anatomical Pathology Technologist,NHS Greater Glasgow & Clyde Association of Anatomical Pathology Technology, Scotland, UK

The WW1 Battle of Fromelles on 19th July 1916 resulted in the loss of more than 2000 Australian and British Servicemen. Many of those killed could not be accounted for at the time and historians have long speculated their whereabouts. Bavarian regimental archives suggested the location of several possible burial pits which were eventually pinned down to Pheasant Wood, Fromelles. In May 2009 a complete excavation of the site began, revealing many amazing artefacts but also  personal tragedies of the First World War. This presentation demonstrates traditional archaeology working alongside DVI protocols and the value of providing families with identifications.


GIS analysis and the reliability and validify of a forensic survey

Mr Mike Groen, Forensic Archaeologist, Netherlands Forensic Institute, The Netherlands

Within Dutch forensic archaeology the use of GIS is self-evident, especially when a field survey for a missing and possibly buried person is planned. Moreover, the GIS use is not limited to the visualisation of satellite images and geographical maps of the survey area; GIS is also used to plan the survey and to assess the pedological, geomorphological and ecological values within the survey area. These values will, together with the time interval since the disappearance, predict the taphonomic preservation of a buried body, and, subsequently, the usefulness of different survey methods and the reliability and validly of the outcome of the survey, depending the method(s) used.


Mass grave evidence before international criminal trials

Dr Melanie Klinkner, Senior Lecturer in Law, Bournemouth University, UK

As the extensive experience of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia demonstrates, scientific expertise, especially relating to mass grave evidence, has been used successfully to prosecute the categories of crimes falling under its jurisdiction.  This paper, firstly, examines the way mass grave evidence has been used at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia before, secondly, analysing how relevant mass grave victim identification and location of the missing is likely to be at the International Criminal Court.


Searching for missing people: the contribution of forensic archaeology and anthropology.

Dr Matteo Borrini, Principal Lecturer, Liverpool John Moores University - School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, UK

The search for missing persons is a complex multidisciplinary investigation. Forensic anthropology and archaeology contribute to this investigation by providing useful tools, such as a prioritized and scientific field survey, or supporting cadaver dog units.

Cases from the Italian context are analyzed to underline the possible future implementation of such investigations by the involvement of a multi-expert team. The activity of the association NEMESI, which is developing training protocols for units composed by dog handlers and forensic archaeologists and anthropologists, will be presented.


Forensic archaeology and anthropology in criminal and restorative justice

Professor Martin Evison, Research Group Leader, Northumbria University Centre for Forensic Science, UK

This presentation will begin by summarsing the sorts of contribution forensic archaeology and anthropology can make to a criminal investigation, illustrating their strengths and weaknesses. It will consider their utility in the justice system and wider social implications, including their role in the investigation of alleged abuses of human rights and restorative justice.


Technological choices and approaches for detecting mass graves

Mr Paul Cheetham, Senior Lecturer in Archaeological Sciences at Bournemouth University, UK
There can be a tendency to be overoptimistic about the effectiveness of technologies that could help in detecting mass graves. In practice, rarely does any project have access to all those that are available for a range of constraints, while in some cases the efficacy and reliability of such technologies have never been convincingly demonstrated. This presentation will consider critically the strengths and weaknesses of a range of technologies that are used, have been used, or have been suggested for use in detecting mass graves of all types so that more informed choices can be made.


Registration Website: www.regonline.co.uk/mass2014


Keywords:  Forensic Anthropology, Anatomy, Identification, Identity, Emergent Identification Technologies,  DNA, collection, storage, transportation, computed tomography,  identification,conflict, diplomacy,post-conflict,logistics,reconciliation,dental, mortuary, pathology, Post Mortem, autopsy, anti-mortem, repatriation, DNA Profiling, Lineage markers, Ethics,taphonomy, Fromelles,Archeaology,DVI, Identification, WW1, Forensic Anthropology, Mass Graves, Guatemala,Afghanistan,Human Rights Violations, Disaster Victim Identification, odontology, mass grave investigations; international criminal justice; the missing; victims' rights; expert evidence, forensic anthropology, forensic anthropology, cadaver dogs, survey, NEMESI, Forensic science, archaeology, anthropology, human rights, restorative justice

 

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